The manuals listed below are based on the 1845-1864 US manual, Patten's Artillery Drill, other various manuals of the period and follow the military protocol of Teaching, Practicing, and Demonstrating the loading and firing of artillery "by Detail".  Loading "by Detail" need not be used in the field.  The NCWAA has never required the use of loading by detail, other than while teaching and drilling. However, some commanders find this to be a much safer method for reenacting, which allows for more control over their guns and crews. Necessary steps have been added, to address specific safety issues, that were not addressed in the original drill.  The original procedure had very little concern for the safety of the crew, with none for those in front of the guns. In the spirit of honoring those who fought in this terrible conflict, both the Drill and/or the Procedures, have been kept as close to the original manual as safety will allow. 


Drill means to teach, practice or demonstrate..... and is performed by Detail.

A "Procedure or Standard Operating Procedure" is a method of performing a task or group of tasks in a specific order.

A military procedure is taught, practiced, and demonstrated by drilling by detail.


 *Please Note: The Mortar and Mt Howitzer drills are adaptations of the full scale field gun drill. This was done to allow the transfer of skills,  muscle memory, and safe practices to these applications.



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                 2023 NCWAA Downloadable Manual PDF  Latest Version 6/14/2023


Mountain Howitzer Addendum
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